Thought Provoking Questioning … Bloom’s Hierarchy
The Taxonomy of Dr. Benjamin Bloom (1956) is the framework used to develop questions that progress from concrete to abstract level of thinking. Knowledge involves the identification and recall of information while comprehension requires the organization and selection of facts and ideas. High order thinking processes include application, the use of facts, rules, principles, analysis, the separation of a whole into component parts, evaluation, the development of opinions, judgments or decisions, and synthesis, the combination of ideas to create something new.
Remembering – Identification and recall of information
Who, what, when, where, how, describe, list
Undertanding – Organization and selection of facts and ideas
Retell (in your own words)
What is the main idea of _____
Applying – Use of facts, rules, principles
How is _____ an example of _____
How is _____ related to _____
Analyzing – Separation of a whole into component parts
What are the parts of features of _____
Classify _____ according to _____
How does _____compare/contrast with _____
What evidence can you present for _____
Evaluating – Development of opinions, judgments or decisions
Do you agree or disagree and why
What do you think about _____
What is the most important____ and why
Prioritize _____ according to _____
How would you decide about _____
What criteria would you use to assess _____
Creating – Combination of ideas to form a new whole
What would you predict/infer from _____
How would you create/design a new _____
What might happen if you combined _____ with _____
What solutions would you suggest for _____
What if _____
What could I substitute for _____
How could I adapt?
How could I modify?
How could I put to other uses?
What if I eliminated a part?
What if I reversed or rearranged?
Bloom’s Taxonomy of Cognitive Objectives, Process Verbs
Assessable verbs from Taxonomy of Learning and Benjamin Bloom
- Knowledge: arrange, define, duplicate, label, list, memorize, name, order, recognize, relate, recall, repeat, reproduce, and state.
- Comprehension: classify, describe, discuss, explain, express, identify, indicate, locate, recognize, report, restate, review, select, and translate.
- Application: apply, choose, demonstrate, dramatize, employ, illustrate, interpret, operate, practice, schedule, sketch, solve, use, write.
- Analysis: analyze, appraise, calculate, categorize, compare, contrast, criticize, differentiate, discriminate, distinguish, examine, experiment, question, and test.
- Evaluation: appraise, argue, assess, attach, choose compare, defend estimate, judge, predict, rate, core, select, support, value, evaluate.
- Synthesis: arrange, assemble, collect, compose, construct, create, design, develop, formulate, manage, organize, plan, prepare, propose, set up, and write.
Student-Tested, Student-Centered, Energizing, Hands On, Research Based